City: Norilsk (Russia)
Population (October 2022): 184,124人
Area: 23.16 km2
Latitude: 69° N
Average temperature in 2021: -6.9 °C
Highest temperature in 2021: 30 °C
Lowest temperature in 2021: -45 °C
Total snowfall between October 2021 and May 2022: 77 cm
City symbols: White bear with the key
Flag of Norilsk
Sister Cities & Friendship Cities
Nesebar (Bulgaria, Mar. 2014), Minusinsk (Russia, Sep. 2001)
Norilsk is a world’s northernmost city with the resident population more than 184,000 people. It is situated at the 69°parallel within the Arctic Polar circle which means that it has polar days, with the sun not setting from May19 to July 25, and polar nights, when the sun doesn’t show up from November 30 to January 13 as well mesmerizing Northern Lights, which locals and tourists can watch from September to March.
As the climate in the region being harsh Norilsk is one of the coldest cities in the world (up to -56°C) with 280 days of lasting frost period and 130+ days of snowstorms. During wintertime falls over 2,000,000 metric tons of snow. Moreover, Norilsk is listed in the world’s top-5 settlements with the strongest wind – to counter this the city building plan was developed specifically for the harsh weather conditions of the territory. As for the buildings themselves most of them were constructed using the unique pile foundation technology which was first used in our city.
Norilsk was founded 69 years ago and today it is a modern city with highly-developed infrastructure that meets the requirements for comfortable living in the Far North, including 41 kindergartens and 36 schools, as well as one higher education institution, Polar State University, with over 3,000 students. University graduates are the future specialists of the “Norilsk Nickel MMC”, one of the largest Russian industrial centers that ensures the sustainable development of the city.
Norilsk is constantly evolving and is effectively coping with such challenges as harsh climatic conditions, dilapidated housing stock, the need for modern educational solutions and social institutions. In 2021, the Government of the Russian Federation approved the Comprehensive Plan for the Socio-Economic Development of the city of Norilsk until 2035. 120 billion rubles will be allocated from the federal, regional, municipal budgets and Norilsk Nickel’s funds to implement the plan’s activities. In order to obtain the most modern solutions to increase the attractiveness of the city for life, study and work, an international competition was held to create an architectural and planning concept for the renovation of the city until 2035.
Key areas of Norilsk renewal: renovation of housing stock, modernization of housing and communal services, construction of new schools, kindergartens and clinics, improvement of public spaces, launch of new cultural facilities. Norilsk’s experience is unique. Nowhere in the world has a whole city been renovated in northern latitudes before.
Norilsk is a gateway to the “lost world” of the Putorana Plateau, UNESCO World Natural Heritage site with an area of 250,000 square km and the highest waterfall density in Russia. Being reachable only via airplane (and through the Yenisei River for the summertime period), it still manages to save a lot of unique species that are on the verge of extinction in the rest of the world, such as bighorns, white-tailed eagles, and muskoxen.
Norilsk’s tourism sector has a complex structure. The city itself generates tourist traffic on a year-round basis. Here you can get an experience in winter and summer sports: snow biking, ski touring, enduro, mountaineering, trekking , and rafting.
New for residents and guests of the city is the direction of industrial tourism, which allows you to visit industrial sites, manufacturing enterprises, an underground training ground, a mining farm, and the famous open-pit coal mine.
Official website: http://www.norilsk-city.ru/
City introduction video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cGGwSXkoC9Y