1. City Profile

Name: Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia)

Mayor: AMARSAIKHAN Sainbuyan

Population (2019): 1,469,151

Area: 4,704.4 km2

Latitude: 47° 55′ N

Average temperature in 2019:  1.2 °C 

Highest temperature in 2019:  31.4 °C 

Lowest temperature in 2019:  -32.7 °C 

Total snowfall between October 2018 and May 2019: 23.4 mm

Total precipitation in 2019: 291.5 mm

City symbols: Garuda (legendary bird expressing strength and courage, holding a golden key and lotus, defeating evil)

Major industry: Trade 41%, Service 38.7%, Industry 8.3%, Construction 7.5%, Agriculture 4.6%

Annual income per capita in 2018: 4,121.7 USD

Administration: Ulaanbaatar City is divided into nine districts: Sukhbaatar, Khan-Uul, Songino Khairkhan, Chingeltei, Bayangol, Bayanzurkh, Baganuur, Nalaikh and Bagankhangai.


Logo of Ulaanbaatar


Sister Cities & Friendship Cities

Moscow, Irkutsk, Novosibirsk, Elista (Russian Federation); Beijing, Hohhot (People’s Republic of China); Seoul, Incheon (Republic of Korea); Denver, Oackland (United States of America); Ankara, Gaziantep (Republic of Turkey);  Havana (Republic of Cuba); Bangkok (the Kingdom of Thailand); Nur-Sultan (Republic of Kazakhstan)


  1. City PR

Ulaanbaatar is the coldest capital city in the world, having a history of over 380 years. Back then, a concept of a ‘city’ was non-existent in Mongolia, and even after the city’s founding in 1639, the location was changed by nomads using the area as a camping site over 30 times. In 1778, after the completion of the road connecting Beijing and St. Petersburg, the location of Ulaanbaatar was finalized and has served an important role as the center of the distribution.


The city has grown from the original population of 80,000 in 1954 to around 1,470,000 and is now a tourist site with attractions such as Mongolian culture, historical ruins, temples, caves, wildlife and vast nature attraction in the mountainous regions. For example, on the 85 km route from Ulaanbaatar to Terelj, the coolest region of Mongolia, visitors can enjoy beautiful stones, mysterious rocks shaped naturally like a turtle, rivers flowing as clear as crystals, wild animals, and colorful flowers in the valley.


Along with its historical sites and crafts, tourists can also listen to the beautiful music played on the instrument only found in Mongolia, the morin khuur.


  1. More Information

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