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Subcommittee on Winter City Environmental Issues

 

At the 12th World Winter Cities Conference for Mayors (WWCAM) held in Changchun, China in January 2006, it was resolved to establish a “Subcommittee on Winter City Environmental Issues” with the aim of studying environmental issues that are of concern to winter cities.

 

Based on the Changchun Declaration adopted at the Conference, the Subcommittee hopes to gather information about the kinds of environmental problems member cities are facing so that the data can be shared among them to improve winter city planning.

 

The Secretariat of the Subcommittee was located in the city of Sapporo. (completed in January 2010)

 

First meeting (July 26, 2006)
Second meeting (July 26, 2007)
Interim report (January 20, 2008)
Third meeting (August 21, 2008)
Fourth meeting (August 20, 2009)
Final report (January 21, 2010)

アンカレッジ市の発表の様子

 

First Meeting

氷河

The first meeting of the Subcommittee on Winter City Environmental Issues was held in Nuuk, Greenland in conjunction with the 2006 Working-Level Officials Meeting of the WWCAM. Representatives of seven cities of six countries attended the meeting and discussed how to manage the subcommittee.

 

Outline of the meeting
Based on the Changchun Declaration adopted at the 12th Mayors Conference and on the results of the questionnaire conducted before the first meeting, the subcommittee agreed to make “global-scale environmental issues” the theme of its study.

市電

Participants at the subcommittee meeting unanimously agreed with the plan that the two years until the 13th Mayors Conference in Nuuk in 2008 will be devoted to encouraging member cities to come to a “common understanding of environmental issues.” During this period the subcommittee will collect information about measures member cities are utilizing to solve environmental issues, and in particular the successes of cities with advanced environmental policies.

 

The two years between the Nuuk conference and the 14th Mayors Conference in Prince George in 2010 will be devoted to “practical action toward environmental issues,” and the subcommittee will disseminate the information worldwide by way of collaborative campaigns and other means.

 

Questionnaire survey on environmental measures in each member city

Results of the questionnaire (PDF)

Cities replying (16 cities from eight countries)

Canada

Prince George

China

Changchun, Harbin, Jimusi, Jixi, Qiqihar, Shenyang

Estonia

Maardu

Greenland

Nuuk

Japan

Aomori, Sapporo

Korea

Taebaek

Russia

Novosibirsk, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Magadan

U.S.A.

Anchorage

 

Reports from the member cities

Representatives of Nuuk, Greenland; Anchorage, U.S.A., and Taebaek, Korea made presentations on their environmental policies. The following is an excerpt of the presentation by the city of Anchorage.

 

Environmental Measures in Anchorage

Anchorage made a presentation on environmental issues, focusing on the issue of global warming.

 

The effects of global warming include melting ice, glaciers, and permafrost in Alaska. As a result, polar bears drown because there is less sea ice for them to swim to. Also, abandoned walrus calves have been discovered because of a lack of food resulting from increased water temperatures. There are other serious ecological problems as well, such as new types of salmon diseases.

 

Anchorage has advanced environmentally friendly policies and initiatives to counter global warming locally, including the utilization of high winds and methane gas collection systems to generate electric power.

 

The city also promotes the recycling of cooking oil by blending small amounts of it with diesel oil for use as vehicle fuel, and Anchorage has a program that recycles glass by crushing it into a fine sand-like form to use for traction on railroad tracks.
In addition, the city is constructing a new convention center that will be a state-of-the-art model of energy efficiency. The Center will utilize innovative heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems. It is expected that the new design will considerably reduce CO2 emissions and save significantly on operational costs. Finally, Anchorage is writing a city ordinance that calls for energy efficiency in public buildings.

 

Anchorage hosted a national conference on climate change, and has been promoting collaborative efforts with neighboring cities, such as Seattle.

 

Participants showed very keen interest in the Anchorage presentation.

 

アンカレッジ市の発表の様子

Presentation by the City of

Anchorage

アンカレッジ市の発表原稿1

Global Warming has a Grave

Impact on Ecosystems

アンカレッジ市の発表原稿2

Recycling Cooking Oil for Use

as Vehicle Fuel

 

Presentations

Nuuk, Greenland English

Anchorage, United States English

Taebaek, Republic of Korea English

 

Second Meeting

The second meeting of the Subcommittee on Winter City Environmental Issues was held in Sapporo, Japan in conjunction with the 2007 Working-Level Officials Meeting of the WWCAM. Representatives of 12 cities from eight countries attended the meeting, reported on past activities, and discussed future activities.

 

Outline of the meeting
In accordance with the results of the questionnaire, polled to member cities and conducted prior to the meeting, countermeasures against global warming that had been implemented by member cities and other winter cities were reported, followed by discussion of how to manage the subcommittee in the future. Furthermore, Anchorage, Prince George, Maardu and Sapporo introduced specific cases of their own environmental actions.

 

プリンスジョージ市長

Presentation by the City of Prince George, Canada

マールドゥ・プレゼンテーション

Presentation by the City of Maardu, Estonia

 

Questionnaire survey on environmental measures in each member city

Results of the questionnaire (PDF)

Cities replying (14 cities from nine countries)

Canada

Prince George

China

Changchun, Shenyang, Qiqihar

Norway

Tromso

Greenland

Nuuk

Japan

Aomori, Sapporo

Korea

Taebaek

Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar

Russia

Novosibirsk, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Magadan

U.S.A.

Anchorage

 

Presentations and Materials

Maardu, Estonia English 1 English 2
Prince George, Canada English
Anchorage, United States English 1 English 2 English 3
Sapporo, Japan English 1 English 2
Proceedings of the Meeting drawn by the Secretariat Japanese English
Initiatives taken by non-member cities Japanese English

 

Interim Report

The interim report on the Subcommittee on Winter City Environmental Issues was presented concurrently with the Mayors Conference 2008 in Nuuk, Greenland. With the participation of 11 cities from seven countries, the activities conducted since the Subcommittee was established at the Mayors Conference 2006 held in Changchun, China were reported, and future activity plans were discussed.

 

Outline of the meeting
An interim report on the research findings on environmental issues in member cities was reported, and it was wrapped up with the fact that awareness of global warming issues has been steadily increasing in member cities and educational activities have been carried out especially for citizens.

 

In addition, Sapporo, Harbin and Anchorage created presentations to introduce specific case examples.

 

札幌市環境局小林部長の発表

Presentation by the City of Sapporo,

Japan

中間報告書表紙中間報告書内容

An interim report on the research findings on

environmental issues was compiled.

 

Presentation and report

Secretariat presentation on interim report Japanese English

Interim report Japanese English

 

Third Meeting

The third meeting of the Subcommittee on Winter City Environmental Issues was held in Prince George, Canada in conjunction with the 2008 Working-Level Officials Meeting of the WWCAM. Representatives of 12 cities from nine countries attended the meeting, and discussed future initiatives of the Subcommittee.

 

Outline of the meeting
Efforts focused on researching cases of educational activities for citizens regarding global environmental issues were discussed. The cases conducted by the City of Sapporo were introduced followed by report of the results of questionnaire polled to member cities.

 

As for future initiatives, a common campaign among member cities with a central focus on an electricity-saving is planned to be implemented. It is targeted to eventually formulate a common charter in order to disseminate information and knowledge about environmental issues to citizens.

 

札幌市環境局宮佐課長の発表

Presentation by the City of

Sapporo, Japan

 

環境首都札幌宣言こども環境サミット札幌

The City of Sapporo aims to become an “Eco-Capital” and implement various environment-related programs, including the Children’s World Summit for the Environment that was held in June 2008.

 

Questionnaire survey on environmental measures in each member city

Results of the questionnaire (PDF)

Cities replying (13 cities from nine countries)

Canada

Prince George

China

Changchun, Harbin, Shenyang

Norway

Tromso

Estonia

Maardu

Greenland

Nuuk

Korea

Taebaek, Hwacheon

Russia

Novosibirsk

U.S.A.

Anchorage

Japan

Aomori, Sapporo

 

Presentations
Sapporo, Japan Japanese English

Prince George, Canada English 1 English 2

 

 

Fourth Meeting

The fourth meeting of the Subcommittee on Winter City Environmental Issues was held in Tromso, Norway in conjunction with the 2009 Working-Level Officials Meeting of the WWCAM. Representatives of nine cities from six countries attended the meeting, and discussed future initiatives of the Subcommittee.

 

Outline of the meeting
Results from the electricity-conservation common campaign conducted in February this year were reported. Campaign participants reported that residents’ awareness about electricity-conservation has increased as the result of the campaign.

 

The city of Sapporo also proposed a new common campaign comprising a display of posters in which the WWCAM will promote global environmental protection. The participants agreed with the proposal and campaign will be initiated in November.

 

Subcommittee member cities delivered reports on environmental issues. The city of Sapporo presented its initiative, “Slim City Sapporo Plan,” which deals with the challenges the city faces in promoting waste reduction and recycling and the city outlined measures implemented under the plan.

 

The city of Tromso, Norway presented its public building energy efficiency projects. With the aim of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 50 percent by 2020, the city has introduced heating systems with water as a heat carrier and heat pumps as the main energy source for public buildings rebuilt in the past few years.

 

Taebaek, Korea reported on the effects of climate change observed in the city. Some of the examples are the frequency of downpours in summer, a winter season shortened by one month, and shrinking winter-related industries. 

 

札幌小委員会

Mr. Awasaki (Center) and Mr.

Yoshida (Left) of the Secretariat

 

札幌市の事例発表

Presentation by Mr. Awasaki,

Manager of Environmental

Division, City of Sapporo

札幌プレゼンテーション

Sapporo presented environment-

related program

 

 

Conference Materials and Presentations

Conference materials Japanese English

Sapporo, Japan Japanese English

Taebaek, Republic of Korea Japanese English

 

 

Final Report

The final report on the Subcommittee on Winter City Environmental Issues was presented at the 14th Mayors Conference Maardu, Estonia. With the participation of 18 cities from 11 countries, the past four-year activities conducted since the Subcommittee was established at the Mayors Conference 2006 held in Changchun, China and the recent activities were reported.

 

Outline of the meeting
The Subcommittee secretariat (Sapporo) took the lead in conducting common campaign twice. Each participating city’s situation and efforts were presented as a result along with the past four-year activities and achievements.

 

札幌市環境局の湯浅氏

Masakazu Yuasa of Sapporo Environmental Bureau report on subcommittee activities

 

報告書の表紙報告書の内容

A final report was compiled and distributed to participants

 

Presentation and Report

Secretariat presentation of the final report Japanese English

Final report Japanese English 1 English 2

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